May 1789: Estate General Meets
Cause: France had very depleated money supplies from fighting recent wars. The Estates General was called to session to try and figure out what was going to be done.
Reaction: The third estate was not accurately represented or heard. They split from the Estates General forming the National Assembly. They set out to from a constitution of their own.
July 1789: Storming of the Bastille
Cause: More then 800 Parisians assembled outside of the BAstille for weapons and Gunpowder that was supposedly sorted inside. The crowd went wild when the commander refused to open the gates.
Reaction: The crowd erupted after the commander wouldn't open the door. The crowd broke through the defenses, killed the commander, five guards and released some prisoners. They never found any weapons.
July-August 1789: The Great Fear
Cause: The most prominent cause was the spread of rumors. Rumors about horrible things were spread throughout France causing the people to panic and disorganize.
Reaction: France was in great turmoil. The peasants started to revolt against nobles, and things became very unorganized. Things were not well at all during that time.
August 1789: Nobles who were part of the National Assembly became equals to all the estates.
Cause: Nobles were originally exempt from all taxes. They became equals to the Peasants. This wasn't all Nobles, it was only the ones who chose to pay and they all belonged to the National Assembly.
Reaction: Many people were happy to finally have some of the Noble classes being treated like everyone else. It was a step in the right direction.
August 1789: Assembly writes the "Declaration of the Rights of Men"
Cause: This declaration was an attempt at writing the begining of a constitution. The declaration was written like the constitution of the United States.
Reaction: Louis XVI was very hesitant to accept this new declaration. Peasants grew suspicious of Louis' ways.
October 1789: Louis was taken to Paris along with his family.
Cause: Women marched on Versailles in search of bread. They wouldn't leave until the king came out and returned to Paris.
Reaction: Louis was a prisoner for the next 3 years.
1791: National Assembly writes the constitution
Cause: The general people needed a constitution for themselves, something that included them in the government fairly.
Reaction: The constitution limited monarchy, legislative assembly, reformed laws, with no unions or guilds.
January 1793: Louis was beheaded
Cause: Pretty much the whole country of France believed that Louis was a traitor. Something needed to be done about his ruling style, so he was beheaded.
Reaction: People were happy to be in control.
October 1793: Marie Antoinette was beheaded
Cause: She was thought to be a traitor along with her husband.
Reaction: Her death was celebrated
1793: Committe of Public Safety is established.
Cause: The committee was set up to deal with threats to France. The committee had almost absolute power trying to save the revolution.
Reaction: Many wars sprang up in response to this committee, to try and save France.
1793-1794: Reign of Terror
Cause: This reign was to try and stop all threats to France with killing traitors.
Reaction: About 40,000 people died during the Reign. People were terrified and outraged.
1794: Robspierre beheaded
Cause: People were terrified by the Reign of Terror, Robspierre was found and beheaded.
Reaction: The Reign of Terror was over.
1799: Napolean's rise with the Three Man Board
Cause: Napolean had worked his way up throught the ranks and had become emperor of France. The Three Man Board replaced the directory.
Reaction: Napolean won support from all the people.
1801: Napoleonic Code
Cause: Napolean set up a code to make many people equal. There was religious tolerance, and equality for most. Women lost their rights though.
Reaction: Napolean's code was in place for a long time and many people used it.
1814: Russian Attempt Failed
Cause: Russian armies were too strong, and food supplies were too short. Napolean was defeated.
Reaction: Napolean was exiled to an island in the Mediterranean Sea.
1814: Lous XVIII Rises to Power
Cause: France needed a ruler and Napolean was exiled, so Louis XVIII stepped up.
Reaction: Louis XVIII still keeps reform thus truly putting in place the goals of reform in an organized manner.*7