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The What of the Revolutions | The Who of the American Revolution | The Who of the French Revolution | Timeline for the American Revolution | Timeline for the French Revolution | The How and Where of the Revolutions | The Why of the Revolutions | Long and Short Term Outcomes of the Amerian Revolution | Long and Short term outcomes of the French Revolution | Similarities and Differences of the Revolutions | Conclusion | Photos | Credits
The How and Where of the Revolutions
American and French Revolutions

This page shows the actual events of each revolution. Most of the events are already on the timeline on a previous page especially for the French Revolution. But this page has pictures and more explanations of significant events in detail.

American Revolution- HOW?
  • April 19, 1775 Battle of Lexington - This is the first battle of the American Revolution accoring on April 19, 1775. It is very symbalic with the "shot heard 'round the world" and Paul Revere's famous ride to warn that "the British are coming" Eight of the colonies minutemen were killed and nine were wounded. The British won this first battle.
  • April 19, 1775 Battle of Concord- This is a twin battle with Lexington accoring on the same day April 19, 1775. The Minutemen had an advantage with this battle. They had a little bit more of a warning then Lexington and more Militia and Minutemen were ready to battle. The Patriots were able to fend of the British, while causing them to sustain 230 casualties.
  • June 16, 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill- This battle was one of the most important colonial victories. The British were pushed back twice by the Patriots but on their third and final advance they broke through the Colonists lines. This battle lasted about three hours but is considered one of the deadliest battles of the American Revolution. You may be wondering why I said this battle was an important victory even though the British technically won by taking control of Bunker Hill, they had too many casualties to really have benefitted from it. The British suffered over 1,000 casualties out of about 1,300 men who were fighting. The Colonists only suffered about 400-600 casualties out of their 2,000-4,000 men who were fighting. So even though the British took the hill, this was a big boost for American moral.
  • August 27, 1776 Battle of Long Island- Both General Washington for the Americans and General William Howe for the British recognized the importance of New York as being the command center for their northern and southern armies. After recognizing this General Washington moved his troops to Long Island and prepared for the coming of British troops. On August 22, the British left Staton Island with about 5 boats. The boats carried cannons and a total of about 5,000 men. At about noon time of the same day the British had unloaded 40 cannons and 5,000 men safely on shore. The actual battle took place on August 27, 1776. The colonies were slaughtered, literally. They lost about 970 men in total, with the British only having a definite 36 killed and 337 wounded or missing. Washington had lost about a quarter of his army in this battle.
  • November 26, 1776 Battle of Trenton- The Battle of Trenton was a complete suprise attack on the British forces at Trenton, New Jersey. After Washington ordered the crossing of the Deleware river on Christmas day in snow and sleet, his army of about 5,000 troops split up to march on Trenton. They reached the British and at about eight o'clock that morning Washington's army opened fire with cannons onto the British quarters. The Hessian troops were completely disoriented and disorganized. They retreated almost without a fight. This was a big Battle for the Colonies to win, it boosted their moral letting them know that they still can beat the British. All in all, only 5 Patriots were killed and the British lost about 107 men.
  •  September 19-October 17, 1777 Battle of Saratoga- This battle is known as the turning point of the war. This battle caused many good things to happen for the Colonies. General Burgoyone headed for the American camp at Saratoga by way of boat capturing a few forts while he was on the way. Instead of going all the way to Saratoga by boat, he and his army decided to finish the journey by land taking three weeks to make hasty trails, and build bridges through swamps along the way. This gave the colonies much needed time to build up their army and to track General Burgoyone. By the time that Burgoyone and his troops reached the American camp the Colonies were ready for the battle. They sent out a lead of troops to hold back Burgoyone while the rest prepared to fight. At first Burgoyone started to advance until the rest of Washington's troops caught up to them holding Burgoyone off. Burgoyone's reinforcements of the German Hessians came and made things a little more equal. The Americans had to draw back for a while with little ammunition. The British set up fortifications around Freeman's Farm to wait for reinforcements. These reinforcements never came, and Burgoyone was stuck with making the decision to attack or retreat. On October 7, Burgoyone sent out 1,500 British troops to try and fight the Americans. The fighting went into the night, and that is when it stopped. The only think that saved Burgoyone from defeat was the nightfall. He had suffered 1,000 casualties to the Americans 500. Burgoyone retreated to Saratoga during the night. The next day he found himself surrounded by 20,000 American troops to his mear 6,000. He had nothing else to do but surrender. The winning of this battle was a tremendous win for the Americans. It convinced France and Spain to join the fight and declare war on Britain also.
  • October 9-17 1781 Battle of Saratoga- This battle signified the end of the war. The much needed support of France had finally arrived only about a month earlier. The French Navy had taken Chesapeake Bay from the British cutting their navy off and forcing them to retreat. General Washington also rendevzvoued with General Rochambeau and his army from France. They arrived in Yorktown on September 28, and started the building of trenches on October 6. The bombardment of Yorktown started on October 9. General Cornwallis tried to hold out with the forces he had at the time and wait for reinforcments, but the British army could withstand no more. The British were blocked by sea and had run drastically low on supplies. After some negotations the treaty papers were signed on October 20, and the British walked way that same afternoon. The war was over, the Americans had won.
  • As a result of the winning of the revolution, America developed and ratified their own constitution and government in 1788 which was based on enlightenment ideas that everyone was equal.
  • To further these ideas about being equal the Bill of Rights was ratified by the new states in 1791 this document furthered the right of the people.



These are some of the most significant battles of the American Revolution. They are explained above in the American Revolution-How?

The French Revolution and the events of it is covered quite throughly in the timeline section of this site, so I won't be redundant and repeat all of that again. What I will do, is point out some of the important places of the events of the French Revolution.
  • The Storming of the Bastille- The storming of the Bastille occured in Paris, in the pink colored box. This event is one of the starting events of the French Revolution with the uprising of the people to get the weapons from the Bastille.
  • The Tennis Court Oath- This was also one of the key events in the French Revolution, this took place in Versailles with the members of the National Assembly taking an oath of alligance "never to seperate and to meet wherever the circumstances might require until we have established a sound and just constitution."

Some Significant Battles of the American Revolution

*8 American Revolution: The Effects
*9 Effects of the French Revolution